Indoor Flower and Plant Care

Image: Gardening Know How

Indoor Flower Care

Indoor plants help to improve the quality of air inside the home besides providing a warm and colorful décor to the rooms. Growing house plants indoors is easy as well as exciting. However, it is very important to take adequate care of the plants and to ensure their growth as well as safety. Unlike keeping the plants in a greenhouse, keeping them inside the house requires a lot of adjustments and a lot of skills are also necessary for indoor flower care. Adequate watering and sufficient lighting are very important for indoor plant care. The temperature and humidity inside the home also have great impact on the plants. It is not possible to make the indoors 100% ideal for all types of plants to grow. However, when you select the indoor plants for your house, you can identify the basic needs of the plants and by making some changes or adjustments in indoors, you can provide the plants a healthy environment to grow.


The potting soil should not go dry but need not keep it too wet. When the soil is dry the roots go weak and will affect the growth of the plant. When the potting soil appears very light in color or with cracks on it, watering is essential. Just by sticking a finger on the soil we can determine how moist the soil is. The plants should not wilt and there should be no signs of dehydration. Formation of translucent leaves, slow growth of leaves, curling of leaf edges, formation of brown or yellow colored leaves and premature falling down of leaves and flowers indicate insufficient watering.

Overwatering is also equally harmful. As a result of over-watering roots will be destroyed by bacteria. Appearance of brown rotten patches on leaves, young leaves and old leaves falling off, water standing in the bottom of the pot, appearance of brown, stinky roots at the bottom and formation of fungus on the surface of the soil indicate over watering.

The plants that grow very fast, plants that receive direct sunlight, plants that grow in smaller pots, plants which are potted in clay pots and plants that have started flowering require more water. When the plant is kept in a cool room or in non-porous containers they require less water. Also, resting or dormant plants require very little water. The plants which were repotted very recently and those plants which grow in high humidity also require less water.

Plants prefer rain water as well as melted snow. Tap water at room temperature is also good for the indoor plants. Softened water contains sodium and hence should be avoided. Plants may be watered from top to bottom without wetting the foliage. The entire potting soil must be moistened. Ensure that water flows out of the holes in the bottom of the pot.


Proper drainage of water is very important to keep the plant healthy. Specially made organic potting soil is ideal for the indoor plants. The plant should never stand in water. Hence either the container should have drainage holes or there must be a layer of pebbles in the bottom of the container. Check the holes at regular intervals to ensure that they are not clogged. Standing water must be discarded.


Light requirements may vary from plant to plant. Though many plants prefer direct sunlight, the indoor plants may not be able to get it. By way of keeping the plant in a window they will receive sufficient light. If required, indoor plants may be provided supplemented light from grow light. For flowering plants, moderately bright light is good. Hence they may be kept in windows located towards east, west or south of the house.

Temperature and Humidity

Though temperature preferences vary from plant to plant, the ideal temperature for most of the indoor houseplants is 65 – 75 degrees during daytime and 55 – 60 degrees during night. Most plants prefer humidity around 80%. Humidity may drop in the winter. This problem can be solved by using a humidifier. A small tray with pebbles and water in it can also provide more humidity.


During watering, plants are likely to drop the nutrients in the soil. Indoor plants have no way for nutrient replenishment other than fertilizing. Organic fertilizers ensure sufficient nutrition to the indoor plants. When plants are flowering and growing, fertilizer must be provided once in a month. During winter, fertilizing can be avoided. When the plant is found slow in growing or turns to yellow-green color more fertilizer should be added. Sometimes, the indication may be for less water or more light. Hence action may be taken only after analyzing all conditions.

Repotting the Houseplants

As a result of steady growth as well as thriving, the indoor plants will require bigger pots as well as fresh potting mix. Spring is the ideal time for repotting plants. The new pot should not be too big but it must be bigger than the first pot. Ensure that the root system is not damaged during repotting. There must be sufficient space at the top of the new pot for watering.

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Home Decorating With Plants

Photo: Hum Ideas

Decorating with Plants

We keep a lot of plants to decorate the indoors and the plants make the rooms bright, beautiful and healthier. Many people search for more new plants to decorate the home. Similarly, there are many ways to decorate the home with the plants. Apart from making the indoors aesthetically more beautiful, indoor plants purify the air and improve air quality. Plants help to reduce BP, fresh up the mind and provide good sleep. Indoor plants make the life inside the home healthier.


Orchids are bright as well as colorful. They can be kept anywhere in the room and if cared properly, they will be there for a long time. Orchids attract the attention of all and they make the room appear brighter.

Hanging Herbs

Hanging a variety of fresh herbs inside the home will not only make the place more beautiful but also will induce freshness.

Shelf full of plants

When a shelf full of indoor plants is kept at the middle of the living room, it will divide the room into two portions. The plant-shelf will appear more elegant than a piece of furniture or a screen.

Fill the corners

The four corners of the room look awkward when they are left empty. When the corners are decorated with cluster of plants they add to the beauty of the room. Plants fit the corners better than anything else. Plants of different sizes and features can be mixed and kept in the corners.

Spilling plants

The indoor plants that spill out of their containers make the room livelier as well as elegant.

Cut Flowers

When cut Flowers are kept inside the home they make the rooms livelier. Cut Flowers are easier to nurture and one has to spend only very little time to care the Cut Flowers. Cut Flowers are less expensive also. Branches of cut flowers are available in garden stores and nurseries and they are quite inexpensive. The room can be easily provided with a new look just by replacing these flowers. It doesn’t require much effort.

Fresh Herbs inside the kitchen

When a few fresh herbs are kept in the kitchen they not only make the kitchen more beautiful but also add a new freshness to the kitchen atmosphere and make cooking more interesting. The herbs may even create a gentle breeze in the kitchen. The herbs in the kitchen need not be kept in a shelf. The individual plants kept in the kitchen create an exciting pattern and thereby provide a wall art to the kitchen.

Those who have a little creativity can make decorating with plants a wonderful way of decorating the indoors. You can provide a touch of the nature inside the home by decorating the indoors with plants. The indoor plant can be real natural substitutes to the large wall murals, big pillows with pictures of different flowers and the floral scenes painted on the ceiling. The indoor plants will provide better aroma effects than the scented candles, diffusers and the aromatic oils that you keep inside the home. None of these are as real as well as effective as the indoor plants

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